October Heraldic Decisions

The October Letter of Acceptances and Returns has been published. Here are the decisions for the Middle Kingdom. The letter can be found online here: http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/

Official notification will be sent to the submitters from the Opinicus Pursuivant, Thora Grimudottir. Look for an email form ; if you have items in submission you may want to add it to your address book as we have occasionally had issues with spam filters grabbing them. Please make sure to follow the link in the email as that lets us know that you have received the notification.

MIDDLE ACCEPTANCES

Aurelius Corvus Corvinus. Name (see RETURNS for device).
The question was raised in commentary whether the name elements and the overall pattern are temporally compatible within 500 years. As documented in the Letter of Intent and in commentary, Aurelius is a common nomen from the 3rd century BCE through the 6th century CE, Corvinus is a cognomen from 8 CE, and Corvus is a 3rd-4th century BCE agnomen (nickname). The pattern used for this name, nomen + cognomen + cognomen, is found in Ursula George’s “Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names” (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html), and occurs with increasing frequency after the Edict of Caracalla in 212 CE.
Metron Ariston provided additional information about the name elements after the Pelican decision meeting. The name Pomponius Corvus is found on an inscribed tile from Samnium that dates to between 101 BCE and 100 CE (inscription HD019730 at http://edh-www.adw.uni-heidelberg.de/edh/inschrift/HD019730); it consists of a nomen and cognomen. The cognomen Corvus can be found in two inscriptions from the early Imperial period (Kajanto, The Latin Cognomina, p. 331). The cognomen Corvinus appears in half a dozen inscriptions from the 1st and 2nd centuries CE, as well as in an inscription in Budapest dated to 210 CE (inscription HD071712/ CIL 03, 03390; http://edh-www.adw.uni-heidelberg.de/edh/inschrift/HD071712). The latter inscription also supports the nomen + cognomen pattern. Therefore, all the elements and the pattern are found within a few hundred years and this can be registered.

Beatrix Beeman. Name (see RETURNS for device).
Nice 16th century English name!

Brynhildr hin þormóða. Name and device. Quarterly gules and Or, a tree blasted and eradicated counterchanged and a bordure sable.

Cynric of Greyhope. Name.
Cynric was previously ruled a registerable header form from PASE. This spelling is also a documentary form in PASE, dated to the 7th-11th centuries.
Greyhope is the registered name of an SCA branch.

Dafydd y Saer. Name.
Submitted as Dafydd de Saer (“Dafydd of/from carpenter”), the name was changed in kingdom with the submitter’s permission to Daffyd y Saer (“Daffyd the carpenter”). The byname was correctly changed because occupational terms like “carpenter” follow the direct article y (“the”) instead of the preposition de (“of/from”).
The spelling Daffyd was not documented in the Letter of Intent. The spelling Dafydd is found in “Welsh Prose 1350-1425” (http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.caerdydd.ac.uk/en/), so we can restore the given name to the submitted form.

Guda Fuchs. Name.
The byname Fuchs has previously been ruled registerable:
This name was originally returned in February of 2010, upholding a 2006 precedent that the byname Fuchs is offensive. This appeal challenged that precedent, arguing that Fuchs is not offensive. Commenters unanimously agreed that this precedent should be overturned.
Fuchs is a German byname with the inoffensive meaning “fox.” Any understanding of it as an offensive word depends on mispronunciation or misreading (the vowel sound in the name approximates the sound in ‘hook’). The idea that Fuchs is not inherently offensive is further supported by the fact that we registered Fuchs as a byname as recently as 1993 without comment, and have registered slightly modified forms such as der Fuchs and Fuchsyn more recently.
Likewise, we have not held other name elements to this kind of standard; in August of 2002 we registered Daimhin Bastard, saying that the fact that some people may see it as ‘damn bastard’ is not a bar to registration. The Letter of Intent points out that we have registered bynames that bear a similar relationship to other obscenities without comment.
Given all of these considerations, we are overturning the existing precedent and ruling that Fuchs is not offensive and registering the name as submitted. [Basilius Fuchs, An Tir, 12/2010]
Therefore, we are able to register this name as submitted.

Hrafn gráfeldr. Name and device. Gyronny vert and Or, a fleur-de-lys and a bordure sable.
Nice 9th or 10th century Icelandic name!

Hrafn gráfeldr. Alternate name Raven de Lacy and badge. Per fess embattled Or and sable, a phoenix sable enflamed gules and a Lacy knot Or.
Nice 13th century English name!

Johannes Drechseldt. Device. Quarterly gules and Or, a cross counterchanged between two mascles Or.

Katherine Coscombe. Badge. Per bend sable and vair.
Nice badge!

Lette de Cherselawe. Name.

Lettice Spindler. Name and device. Sable, on a pile gules fimbriated a drop spindle Or.
The given name Lettice is dated to 1531. Spindler was documented as an undated header form. This spelling is found in English parish records in the FamilySearch Historical Records, dated to 1570.

Lorenzo del Genovese. Name.
Submitted as Lorenzo del Genovése, the accent in the byname is an editorial pronunciation mark. We have removed it to register this name.
We note that the name elements were initially documented as undated forms in de Felice’s Nomi and Cognomi. These sources are only useful as sole documentation if they provide dated forms, and are otherwise not recommended. Luckily for the submitter, the Letter of Intent also provided additional documentation of dated forms.

Pferdestadt, Canton of. Branch name and device. Per saltire azure and gules, a horse rampant within a laurel wreath Or.
Nice device!

Reinhold Glier. Change of badge to device. Gules, a key and on a chief Or an eagle sable.
The submitter’s former badge is now his device.

Susan of Etherstone. Name.
Submitted as Susan of Etherstone, the name was changed to Susanna of Etherstone to try to meet the submitter’s request for an authentic 11th century English name.
The Letter of Intent stated that Susan is the submitter’s legal given name. However, no documentation was provided to support this assertion. Luckily for the submitter, Susan is a 13th century form found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, “Feminine names from Devon, 1238” (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/devonfem1238.html), and in Karen Larsdatter, “Feminine Given Names Found in the 1296 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Rutland” (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/Rutland/given-fem-alpha.htm). Therefore, we can restore the given name to the submitted form and the submitter need not rely on the legal name allowance. If the submitter prefers the form Susanna, she can submit a request for reconsideration.
In addition, the place name was only documented for early 13th century England. Therefore, this is an authentic 13th century name, but it is not supported for the submitter’s desired 11th century. Therefore, it does not meet the submitter’s request for authenticity, but it is registerable.

Wendell of Dark River. Badge. (Fieldless) A sea-griffon azure.
Nice badge!

Wendell of Dark River. Badge. Per pale Or and gules, a bend counterchanged, overall a sea-griffon, a bordure azure.

MIDDLE RETURNS

Aurelius Corvus Corvinus. Device. Sable, a three headed dog passant and an orle Or.
This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Samal Kaan Uxmalil: Sable, a she-wolf statant regardant within a bordure Or. There is only one DC for the change in type of secondary from bordure to orle. However, there is none for the change of posture between passant and statant and none for number of the heads.
Beatrix Beeman. Device. Azure, three bees proper and on a chief triangular argent a cross formy vert.
This device is returned for redraw. The device does not show a chief triangular. The charge extends too far down the shield; a chief triangular should not extend to the fess line and normally should extend only a third of the way down the shield.

Rickard of Rivenvale. Badge. Per pale azure and vert, an estoile and an orle Or.
This badge is returned administratively. The form was still not uploaded at the closing of commentary. The Administrative Handbook states “Preparation of Submission Packet Scans – In addition to the physical packet, computer scans of the entire packet with all documentation must be transmitted to Laurel. Submission packets scans must be received by the Laurel Office no later than the end of the month after the date of finalization of the Letter of Intent; for example, the packet for a January letter must be received by the end of February.”

Trevor Synklar. Name.
This name was pended to allow discussion of whether this name should be returned because it could be identical in sound to the submitter’s use name. The Admin Handbook states:
The Admin Handbook states:
No name will be registered to a submitter if it is identical to a name used by the submitter for purposes of identification outside of a Society context. This includes legal names, common use names, trademarks, and other items registered with mundane authorities that serve to identify an individual or group. This restriction applies to Society branches as well as individuals. Thus, a branch cannot use the name of a significant location (a town or county, for example) within its borders. This restriction is intended to help preserve a distinction between a submitter’s identity within the Society and the submitter’s identity outside of the Society.
A small change in the name is sufficient for registration, such as the addition of a syllable or a spelling change that changes the pronunciation. However, a change to spelling without a change in pronunciation is not sufficient. For example, Alan Miller could not register the name Alan Miller or Allan Miller but he could register the name Alan the Miller. Further, submitters may register either a name or armory which is a close variant of a name or insignia they use outside the Society, but not both.
Commenters agreed that the submitted byname is identical in sound to the submitter’s use name in certain English dialects. Therefore, we are forced to return this name.
Upon resubmission, we suggest the addition of an element such as an English locative byname: Trevor Synklar of X.
This name was pended from the May 2016 Letter of Acceptances and Returns.